The operations performed to correct incompatibilities between the upper and lower jaws are called corrective jaw operations. The medical name for it is orthognathic surgery. These surgeries are performed due to biting disorders often related to underdevelopment or overgrowth of one of the jaws. Prior to surgery, orthodontic specialists must apply dental braces to prepare the teeth for surgery and make them compatible with each other. This treatment can be started from the age of 12 years once permanent teeth have emerged.
If the biting problem between the jaws is skeletal, that is to say if it’s in the foundation of the bones in the jaw, this problem can be corrected with surgery, however if it the problem is in the position of the teeth only, orthodontic treatment will be enough. The average duration of surgery is 3-5 hours. The whole operation is performed inside the mouth, only a very small 2-3 mm incision is made to place the screws in the lower jaw (no visible scar). The hospitalization period is 2 days; the recovery period is about 3 weeks. For detailed information, please refer to the section on ORTHOGNATIC SURGERY.